Cataract Eye Surgery: Myths, Procedure, Risks, And Expectations

Cataract Eye Surgery: Myths, Procedure, Risks, And Expectations

Cataracts also known as “presbyopia”, or “aging eyes” is a condition brought about by the hardening, discoloration, and cloudiness of the lens in the eye. The effect this condition has on the eye does not happen out of the blue. It starts with a blurry vision which is caused by discoloration of the lens, then followed by cloudiness which reduces the amount of light that enters the retina, thus Impairing vision, and in some cases, it can be so bad that glasses won’t help. You might be wondering at this point ‘does having a cataract mean the end of the road for my eyes? Is there a cure?’ well say no more, cause the answers to your questions are in this article. So let’s carry on! Read more about COVID-19 test myths you shouldn’t believe by visiting http://puritypeptidelabs.com/covid-19-test-myths-you-shouldnt-believe/

Myths surrounding cataract and cataract eye surgery

There are lots of misconceptions about cataracts and cataract eye surgery, Most of which are very misleading. In this article, we will be discussing seven major myths about cataracts and cataract surgery.

Myth #1: Cataract is restricted to old age

 Fact: yes, cataracts can be a result of aging, but it is not something that exclusively happens to old people. There are different causes of cataracts ranging from; long-term use of steroids, diabetes, radiation therapy, trauma, and smoking, to exposure to ultraviolet radiation, or it can even be hereditary (This is also known as congenital cataract which is very rare). With this, it is safe to conclude that cataract is something that can happen to any age group. Click here for common causes of cataracts among children and adults.

Cataract Eye Surgery: Myths, Procedure, Risks, And Expectations

Myth #2: cataracts can be cured by doing yoga, eating certain diets, doing eye exercises, and eye drops.

Fact: it is safe to say that none of the things listed above in the myth is true. While having a healthy lifestyle can help slow down the process of cataract progression, it does not serve as a cure. Cataract eye surgery is the only way of getting rid of cataracts.

 Myth #3: Cataract eye surgery can only be performed when it is fully matured/should be performed immediately after diagnosis.

Fact: please debunk both myths, the level of technological advancement we have in the modern world today can permit you to have the surgery at your convenience, especially when it starts to interfere with your daily life. That means you don’t have to wait until it fully matures before the surgery, and you don’t have to do the surgery immediately without properly exploring your options first.

Myth  #4: The period of recovery after cataract eye surgery is very long.

 Fact: the myth exaggerates The recovery period for cataract eye surgery. Soreness or discomfort should alleviate within a few days after the surgery, and full recovery can be within four to six weeks (no heavy lifting or stress during the recovery period) post-surgery ( depending on the nature and size of the cataract, and your body’s ability to heal). Following your doctor’s instructions post-surgery and keeping up with appointments is very important.

Myth #5: Cataracts can regrow after surgery.

 Fact: it is imperative to note that cataract is not good. At the beginning of this article, we talked about how cataract is brought about by the hardening, discoloration, and cloudiness of the lens in the eye. The procedure is essentially based on the removal of the lens from the eye. As such, there is no remission after its removed, except in cases where little parts of the membrane are left behind. Other than this, cataracts don’t reoccur after surgery.

Myth #6: cataract surgery is high-risk surgery.

Fact: cataract surgery ranks one of the safest surgical procedures worldwide today, with an estimated success rate of 98%. It is an outpatient surgery.

Myth #7: There is a standard lens for all patients that undergo cataract surgery.

Fact: just like there are different lens types for every other side defect (for each category), There are also different lens types used during cataract surgery with varying material, size, and power. It all depends on the patient, and his or her need. 

Cataract surgery procedure

Cataract surgery is normally done as an outpatient procedure (i.e. the patient doesn’t need to stay overnight in the hospital after surgery) with the use of ultrasound technology. Usually, it does not require anesthesia so in its place local anesthetics are used to numb the eye, and a sedative is administered to relieve anxiety during the operation.

During the surgery, the surgeon makes a micro-incision (about 3 millimeters wide) at the edge of the cornea And removes the cloudy lens (cataracts) with an ultrasound technique called “phacoemulsification”, which involves the use of a clear gel called a viscoelastic agent which protects the cornea from ultrasound energy and keeps the eye under pressure during surgery.

The surgeon then proceeds to use sound waves produced by an ultrasonic device to break down the lens before removing it through the incision. Next, is the installation of an artificial lens implant also known as an intraocular lens (LOL). At this stage the surgeon will be required to insert more protective gel (i.e. viscoelastic agent) to the eye, fold, and slip the implant through the incision. The artificial lens opens up to fill the space where the old lens used to be. The surgeon then removes the protective gel (after implantation has taken place) and if necessary closes the incision with a stitch.

Cataract Eye Surgery: Myths, Procedure, Risks, And Expectations

Risk of cataract surgery

Although cataract surgery is recorded to have a 98% success rate, it is not totally risk-free. The few times complications occur, it can be in form of swelling, inflammation, infection, drooping eyelid, dislocation of artificial lens, glaucoma, secondary cataract, and loss of vision.

Risks of complication after surgery is relatively higher for people with other high diseases or serious medical condition.

What to expect before, during, and after a cataract surgery

Cataract surgery is a quick procedure that at most require less than an hour to finish. But lots of preparation and considerations would have to be taken concerning your eye before surgery day. Your surgeon will give you a list of instructions to follow before your surgery. It would most likely include the following;

  • Get a pre-op medical clearance (this is to confirm you are good to go for surgery)
  • Schedule a pre-operative assessment (this is done with your surgeon he or she will be measuring your eye to determine the strength of the artificial lens you will be needing)
  • Stop wearing contact lens
  • Start using eye drops.

During surgery

  • You will be taken to the operating room and possibly have an Ivy line placed in your arm
  • There will be eye drops placed in your eye multiple times to dilate your pupil which will make it easier for your surgeon to get a clearer view of the insides of your eye. It could take up to 20 to 30 minutes for your eye to dilate enough for surgery
  • Half of the time spent in the operating room will most likely be spent on cleaning the area around your eye and dripping your upper body. This is to avoid bacteria that could cause infection.
  • A sphygmomanometer cuff will be placed on one of your arms to monitor your blood pressure during the surgery.
  • To numb your eye for the procedure, your surgeon will either give you an injection of numbing anesthetic or topical anesthetic which does not involve needles.
  • After this is done, your surgeon will begin the procedure. Try not to move your head or look around during the procedure to make your surgical experience smoother.
  • At the end of the procedure, an eye shield will be placed over your eye by your surgeon. You will be required to wear it for 24 hours post-surgery and during sleeping or napping for a week after the surgery. 
  • Next, you will then be taken to a recovery area where you can rest for two to four hours so that the sedation can wear off before you leave the hospital.

After the procedure

  • You might be prescribed more eye drops. This is to prevent infection and inflammation.
  • You should not experience serious pain. If this happens reach out to your doctor.
  • Do not itch your eye after surgery
  • You have to stay away from heavy lifting after your surgery
  • Make sure to follow your doctor’s instructions and follow up on every appointment given to you after your surgery. Next thing it would take four to six weeks for full recovery, although it can vary depending on the severity of the cataract removed and the difference in body capacity to heal.
  • A visit to your optician is necessary for new glasses or contact lenses after surgery.

Conclusion

Cataract surgery although a delicate surgery is one of the safest surgical procedures. While this is said, it is necessary to look for a certified hospital or surgeon to handle your surgery. Ask questions in areas you are confused about or want to know more about when you visit your doctor or surgeon. 

Common causes of cataracts among children and adults

Common causes of cataracts among children and adults

Have you seen kids at the age of five battling cataracts? Of course, many kids find it so hard to see things clearly at night. Likewise, cataract in adults is a common eye problem these days. Now, what are the causes of cataracts in kids and adults? And that is what this article is all about.

When you see your kids rubbing their eyes with their hands, there’s a cause for alarm. Parents and guardians need to pay attention and observe their children. We hope you know that parents can only know if their children are battling cataracts through observation. Perhaps we should quickly chip in this that parents should please learn how to study their kids. 

The only way to treat a cataract is by undergoing cataract surgery. Of course, we can boldly tell you that adults battling cataracts can only regain or restore their eyes by doing cataract surgery. On the other hand, not all kids can undergo cataract surgery. But a cataract is not limited to adults alone. Children can also have it.  

On the other hand, adults also see the same symptoms as children. But they can put how they are feeling into words. Therefore, children and adults need to know the common causes of cataracts. If they know the causes of cataracts, they will learn how to prevent themselves from having them again even after undergoing cataract surgery. Oh! Surgery! Why? You might be wondering why the need to add the word “surgery” in this write-up.  Learn more commons signs that show that one may likely undergo cataract surgery.

Common causes of cataracts among children and adults

What is a cataract?

A cataract happens when the eye lens has a solid or gloomy zone. This eye issue begins when the protein in the eye produces clusters that prevent the lens from transferring clear images to the retina. And once this occurs, the eye will start to nurse some strange things. The situation will get worse when the natural lens starts developing faults. 

Causes of cataracts among adults and children

  1. Eye injury: One can get cataracts if there’s an eye injury. To avoid cataract surgery, you must be careful and ensure your eyes are safe from harm. A cataract obtained from an injury is called a traumatic cataract. Children are the ones that need to be taken care of the more here. They are fond of playing and can go the extra mile and unknowingly wound themselves. A sudden incident can happen to both young and adults; they can contact cataracts if care is not taken. Therefore, the only way to avoid cataracts after eye injury is that one should do the needful. Make sure you treat every eye injury. The moment your eye injury has not been cared for, then one may likely get cataracts. And if it is crystal clear that a cataract is in your eye, the only way to restore your sight is by doing cataract surgery. 
  2. Congenital cataracts: This eye problem can be in children and adults right from birth. If a mother is fighting cataracts and she hasn’t done cataract surgery before pregnancy, there’s a tendency for the baby also grow with cataracts. Of course, it depends on how strong the woman’s genes are. Likewise, there are some families with cataracts. We have seen a family where all of them had experienced cataract surgery. We tried to converse with them; they said cataract is an inborn eye issue in their family. Imagine a man with a cataract, and he also marries a woman that has the same story. There’s a tendency that their kids will also have cataracts. And that type of cataract is called a congenital cataract. We know there are some families like that around you. You might have come across one or two. 
Common causes of cataracts among children and adults
  1. Washing the face with unclean water: If you’re fond of washing your eyes with contaminated water, you are prone to have cataracts. Polluted water can contain some particles that may affect the natural lens. And remember, once the natural lens is damaged, one will begin to see some signs and symptoms of cataracts. Therefore, it may require one need to undergo cataract surgery. Parents must take care of their kids and ensure their eyes are on them. Therefore, our candid advice for everyone is to ensure they check the water if they want to wash their eyes. Make sure you use clean water to wash your eyes. 
  2. Spending more time in dusty areas: You are writing a letter to cataracts if you spend more time in dusty areas. That is why it is essential for people working in industries to use face shields appropriately. If you allow the dust to flow into your eyes, you will later end up in the theatre room to do cataract surgery. 

How to overcome cataract 

Don’t be deceived by people’s perspectives. The only way to overcome cataracts is by undergoing cataract surgery. Although the moment you start seeing some symptoms of cataracts, the first thing you need to do is to visit your doctor to examine you. Your doctor will conduct some tests on you, and once you’re diagnosed with a cataract, the only remedy is surgery. We’ve been saying this right from the introduction. Of course, kids at their tender age may not undergo cataract surgery. But they may not do it at their tender age, but they will do it when their eyes can hold it.  

What is cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery is the most successful way of treating cataracts. The fact remains that cataract occurs when the natural lens is faulty or damaged. So, once the natural lens is affected, there’s no other way to treat it than to restore the natural lens with an artificial one. And that’s the procedure in cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the process that involves bringing out the faulty natural lens and replacing it with an artificial one. The natural lens cannot be repaired. Once it is defective, one can only replace it with an artificial one. 

On a final note

Dear reader, we hope you’ve found something lovely here. This article should go beyond here. Please share the link to this page with people that’ll benefit from it. Finally, please feel free to drop your question about this topic in the comment box. 

Commons signs that show that one may likely undergo cataract surgery

Commons signs that show that one may likely undergo cataract surgery

You need to get familiar with some signs that may likely require cataract surgery. It is wrong to assume that all eye problems require surgery. There’s nothing terrible running with an ideology. But it is not good enough to act contrary to what you know. Therefore, we urge you to pay attention as we will reveal common signs that may warrant or require cataract surgery. Of course, you need to know the meaning of cataract itself. That will help you to have background knowledge of what we are talking about.

Why do you need to know these signs of cataracts? This question may be running through your mind as you read this article. Knowing these signs will help channel your reasoning, and you’ll be fully prepared for the next phase. Therefore, you need to pay attention and shun all distractions right now. 

Also, if you know the common symptoms of cataracts, you will come out of the assumption. Many people are battling cataracts, and they consider it another eye problem. We can’t blame them. They don’t know. So, this article will take you through that journey. And once you see yourself here, please rise and do the needful. We need to talk about what cataract is and what cataract surgery entails.

Commons signs that show that one may likely undergo cataract surgery

What is a cataract?

A cataract occurs when there is a problem in the cloudy zone of the eye. So, cataract begins when the protein in the eye starts to accumulate clumps that can affect the lens from transferring clear images to the retina. And once the lens is affected from transporting images to the retina, one will begin to see some of the symptoms listed above. A cataract does not occur suddenly. It does happen bit by bit, and one needs to rise and do the needful before things get worse. 

What is cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery is the most successful way of treating cataracts. The fact remains that cataract occurs when the natural lens is faulty or damaged. So, once the natural lens is affected, there’s no other way to treat it than to replace the natural lens with an artificial one. And that’s the procedure in cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the process that involves bringing out the faulty natural lens and replacing it with an artificial one. The natural lens cannot be repaired. Once it is defective, one can only replace it with an artificial one.

Commons signs that show one may likely undergo cataract surgery

We have made it clear in the introduction that once you start feeling some strange things in your eyes, then there should be a cause for alarm. We also nailed it that the first step to take is to visit your eye doctor for a proper examination. Your eye doctor will carry out some tests on you to know if you’re going to do cataract surgery or not. Now, what are those signs you will see?

  1. Having cloudy days: If you’re feeling cloudy days or if you notice your vision is blurry, then you may be battling with a cataract. Of course, we are not saying that you have cataracts. But we are saying that once you start noticing you have blurry vision, you need to see your eye doctor for checkups. And after the checkup, if your doctor tells you you’re battling a cataract, you may likely undergo cataract surgery. Why? Cataract surgery is the perfect way to restore your vision. Honestly, you can assume that all you need to do is to visit a pharmacy and get some drugs if your vision is blurry. Please don’t be deceived. One of the common signs or symptoms of cataracts is when one’s vision is blurry. So, please rise and do the needful. 
Commons signs that show that one may likely undergo cataract surgery
  1. When seeing at night becomes a problem: If you find it so hard to see things clearly whenever the day is getting dark, no one should push you to rise. Your eye health needs to be attended to. 
  2. This sign is somehow a daisy for adults. Some adults take trouble seeing at night as a sign of old age. Of course, we are not writing that off. We are here to challenge you to come out of assumption. There’s a saying that “assumption kills.” Several people have lost something tangible in their life based on assumptions. So, if you notice that you’ve been finding it so hard to see things clearly at night, please don’t assume it to be something normal. Visit your eye doctor for a proper examination. 
  3. The glare of lights: One of the easiest ways to know that one may likely end up undergoing cataract surgery is when one has a glare of lights. What do we mean by the glare of lights? This is when you find it so hard to see things clearly when light rays penetrate your eyes. Some people can’t see things clearly in the sun. Once the rays of light from the sun enter their eyes, they find it so hard to see clearly. So, if you feel some pains in your eyes the moment a bright light passes through your eyes, then you are battling with a subcapsular cataract. There should be a cause for alarm. Please don’t assume that you need to get antiglare eyeglasses to prevent your eyes, and that’ll be all. Of course, antiglare works. It prevents rays of light from entering your eyes. Thus, there’s a need for you to visit your eye doctor for a proper checkup. 
  4. Feeling like you need eyeglasses: If you think that you need eyeglasses, you may be battling a cataract. It is not normal to start feeling like one needs eyeglass. So, once you notice that, please rise and do the needful. Of course, it will begin with the inability to see things clearly and later graduate with the urge to use eyeglasses. It is not ordinary. You need to see your eye doctor. 

Closing thought

Dear reader, we hope you’ve seen something tangible here. This article contains the common signs and symptoms of cataracts. We also discussed the meaning of cataracts and what cataract surgery entails. Finally, if you have a contribution regarding this topic, please share!